Emerson, Ralph Waldo

► (1803-82) Poeta estadounidense. Está considerado como el más eminente representante del transcendentalismo. Autor de Ensayos, Naturaleza y Hombres representativos.

* * *

(25 may. 1803, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.–27 abr. 1882, Concord).

Poeta, ensayista y conferencista estadounidense. Emerson se graduó en la Universidad de Harvard, y en 1829 fue ordenado pastor de la Iglesia Unitaria. Sus cuestionamientos acerca de la doctrina tradicional lo llevaron a renunciar a la clerecía tres años después. Formuló su filosofía en la obra Naturaleza (1836), libro que contribuyó a dar inicio al trascendentalismo en Nueva Inglaterra, movimiento del que pronto pasó a ser su exponente más destacado. En 1834 se trasladó a Concord, Mass., ciudad de su amigo Henry David Thoreau. Sus conferencias sobre el papel que le corresponde al erudito y acerca del debilitamiento de la tradición cristiana causaron gran controversia. En 1840, junto con Margaret Fuller, colaboró en el lanzamiento del diario The Dial, que canalizaba las ideas trascendentalistas. Se hizo internacionalmente conocido por su obra Ensayos (1841, 1844), que incluye Autoconfianza; y Hombres representativos (1850), un conjunto de biografías de personajes históricos. The Conduct of Life [La conducta de la vida] (1860), su trabajo de mayor madurez, revela un humanismo acendrado y una cabal conciencia de las limitaciones humanas. Poemas (1847) y May-Day [Primero de mayo] (1867) afianzaron su reputación de gran poeta..

Ralph Waldo Emerson, litografía de Leopold Grozelier, 1859.
By courtesy of The Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — born May 25, 1803, Boston, Mass., U.S. died April 27, 1882, Concord U.S. poet, essayist, and lecturer. Emerson graduated from Harvard University and was ordained a Unitarian minister in 1829. His questioning of traditional doctrine led him to… …   Universalium

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — (1803–82)    Philosopher and Sect Founder.    Emerson was educated at Harvard University in the United States of America. Ordained into the Congregationalist ministry, he served for a time as a pastor in Boston. In 1832 he resigned his position… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Emerson,Ralph Waldo — Em·er·son (ĕmʹər sən), Ralph Waldo. 1803 1882. American writer, philosopher, and central figure of American transcendentalism. His poems, orations, and especially his essays, such as Nature (1836), are regarded as landmarks in the development of… …   Universalium

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — (1803–1882) The son of a Unitarian clergyman, Emerson was born in Boston, and educated at Harvard. Although he studied philosophy extensively, he was not a critical or systematic thinker, but rather a channel for many religious, literary, and… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • EMERSON, RALPH WALDO —    an American philosophic thinker and poet, of English Puritan descent, born at Boston, where he started in life as a Unitarian preacher and pastor, an office he resigned in 1832 for literature, in which he found he would have freer and fuller… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — (1803 1882)    Philosopher, was b. at Boston, Massachusetts. His f. was a minister there, who had become a Unitarian, and who d. in 1811, leaving a widow with six children, of whom Ralph, then aged 8, was the second. Mrs. E. was, however, a woman …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo —  (1803–1882) American poet and essayist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • EMERSON, Ralph Waldo — (1803 1882)    American essayist and leader of the TRANSCENDENTALIST movement. He was minister of the UNITARIAN SECOND CHURCH of Boston (1829 1832) but resigned over THEOLOGICAL issues to become an independent lecturer and writer. His PHILOSOPHY… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo —    см. Эмерсон, Ралф Уолдо …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ralph Waldo Emerson …   Wikipedia Español

Compartir el artículo y extractos

Link directo
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.